Risk of adult acute and chronic myeloid leukemia with cigarette smoking and cessation

Jessica R.B. Musselman, Cindy K. Blair, James R. Cerhan, Phuong Nguyen, Betsy Hirsch, Julie A. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Background: Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for adult myeloid leukemia, particularly acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but less is known about the nature of this association and effects of smoking cessation on risk. Methods: In a large population-based case-control study of myeloid leukemia that included 414 AML and 185 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cases and 692 controls ages 20-79 years, we evaluated risk associated with cigarette smoking and smoking cessation using unconditional logistic regression methods and cubic spline modeling. Results: AML and CML risk increased with increasing cigarette smoking intensity in men and women. A monotonic decrease in AML risk was observed with increasing time since quitting, whereas for CML, the risk reduction was more gradual. For both AML and CML, among long-term quitters (≥30 years), risk was comparable to non-smokers. Conclusions: Our study confirms the increased risk of myeloid leukemia with cigarette smoking and provides encouraging evidence of risk attenuation following cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Leukemia
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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