Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) is a heterogeneous disease with a subset of patients exhibiting a more aggressive course. We previously reported that EMZL with multiple mucosal sites (MMS) at diagnosis is characterized by shorter survival. To better recognize patients with different patterns of progression-free survival (PFS) we developed and validated a new prognostic index primarily based on patient's disease characteristics. We derived the “Revised mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue International Prognostic Index” (Revised MALT-IPI) in a large data set (n = 397) by identifying candidate variables that showed highest prognostic association with PFS. The revised MALT-IPI was validated in two independent cohorts, from the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic (n = 297) and from IELSG-19 study (n = 400). A stepwise Cox regression analysis yielded a model including four independent predictors of shorter PFS. Revised MALT-IPI has scores ranging from 0 to 5, calculated as a sum of one point for each of the following- age >60 years, elevated LDH, and stage III–IV; and two points for MMS. In the training cohort, the Revised MALT-IPI defined four risk groups: low risk (score 0, reference group), low-medium risk (score 1, HR = 1.85, p =.008), medium-high risk (score 2, HR = 3.84, p <.0001), and high risk (score 3+, HR = 8.48, p <.0001). Performance of the Revised MALT-IPI was similar in external validation cohorts. Revised MALT-IPI is a new index centered on disease characteristics that provides robust risk-stratification identifying a group of patients characterized by earlier progression of disease. Revised MALT-IPI can allow a more disease-adjusted management of patients with EMZL in clinical trials and practice.
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