Abstract: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the bile ducts and is characterized by biliary strictures, progressive liver parenchymal fibrosis, and an increased risk of hepatobiliary malignancies primarily cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). PSC may lead to portal hypertension, liver decompensation, and liver failure with the need for liver transplantation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) are considered the imaging standard for diagnosis and follow-up in patients with PSC. Currently, there are no universally accepted reporting standards and definitions for MRI/MRCP features. Controversies exist about the definition of a high-grade stricture and there is no widely agreed approach to their management. The members of the MRI working group of the International Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Study Group (IPSCSG) sought to define terminologies and reporting standards for describing MRI/MRCP features that would be applied to diagnosis and surveillance of disease progression, and potentially for evaluating treatment response in clinical trials. In this extensive review, the technique of MRI/MRCP and assessment of image quality for the evaluation of PSC is briefly described. The definitions and terminologies for severity and length of strictures, duct wall thickening and hyperenhancement, and liver parenchyma signal intensity changes are outlined. As CCA is an important complication of PSC, standardized reporting criteria for CCA developing in PSC are summarized. Finally, the guidelines for reporting important changes in follow-up MRI/MRCP studies are provided. Key Points: • Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the bile ducts, causing biliary strictures and liver fibrosis and an increased risk of cholangiocarcinoma. • This consensus document provides definitions and suggested reporting standards for MRI and MRCP features of primary sclerosing cholangitis, which will allow for a standardized approach to diagnosis, assessment of disease severity, follow-up, and detection of complications. • Standardized definitions and reporting of MRI/MRCP features of PSC will facilitate comparison between studies, promote longitudinal assessment during management, reduce inter-reader variability, and enhance the quality of care and communication between health care providers.
- Biliary strictures
- Sclerosing cholangitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging