Relationships among patient characteristics, comorbidities, and vascular complications post-percutaneous coronary intervention

Julie Sabo, Linda L. Chlan, Kay Savik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background: The incidence of vascular complications (VCs) after femoral sheath removal following a percutaneous coronary intervention procedure (PCIP) occurs variably (5%-30%) depending on gender, body size, and comorbidities. VCs after a PCIP are distressful for subjects and increase costs and nursing care. Evidence on which subject characteristics contribute to VCs is inconsistent. Objectives: The study objective was to determine which subject characteristics and comorbidities contribute to VCs post-PCIP. Methods: This correlational study included 306 subjects. Groin areas were assessed for the presence of VCs before, immediately after compression released, and 12 and 24 hours after femoral sheath removal for the presence of VCs. Subject characteristics and comorbidities were recorded. Results: The most frequently occurring VCs were ecchymosis, hematoma, and oozing. Age was significantly associated with ecchymosis, whereas hypertension was associated with a decreased level of ecchymosis. Body surface area significantly influenced hematoma formation. Conclusions: Nurses caring for subjects' post-PCIP who are older and have a smaller body surface area may require extra vigilance and tailoring of nursing care to prevent development of VCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-195
Number of pages6
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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