Relationship of mood disturbance to cigarette smoking status among 252 patients with a current mood disorder

C. A. Patten, J. C. Gillin, S. Golshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The relationship between cigarette smoking and mood has received increasing attention. This retrospective study evaluated the relationship between mood disturbance and cigarette smoking status among patients with a current mood disorder. The association between level of nicotine dependence and severity of mood disturbance was also evaluated among current smokers. Method: Retrospective data for 252 patients (63,5% male, 85.0%' white) admitted for treatment of a mood disorder at the San Diego Veteran Affairs Mental Health Clinical Research Center between November 1988 and June 1997 were studied. All current cigarette smokers at admission (N = 126) were matched with nonsmokers (N = 126) on the primary DSM-IV Axis 1 mood disorder diagnosis, admission status (inpatient or outpatient), gender, age (± 5 years), and ethnicity. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Profile of Mood States (POMS) were administered to patients on admission. Conditional logistic regression analysis for matched sets with a backward elimination was used to identify factors independently predictive of current smoking status. Results: A greater number of cups of coffee consumed per day (p = .002), a history of alcoholism (p = .004), and higher POMS fatigue subscale scores (p = .007) were predictive of current smoking status. Among current smokers, the HAM-D terminal insomnia item was positively associated with mean number of cigarettes smoked per day (p = .012). Conclusion: Cigarette smoking should be addressed in the treatment of patients with a current mood disorder. Smokers experience greater levels of fatigue than nonsmokers. In a ddition, higher cigarette consumption levels are associated with mild-to-severe symptoms of terminal insomnia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-148
Number of pages2
JournalPrimary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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