Relationship between smokers' modes of entry into quitlines and treatment outcomes

Mignonne C. Guy, Ryan G.N. Seltzer, Michael Cameron, Juliana Pugmire, Stephen Michael, Scott J. Leischow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objectives: To assess the relationship between the mode of entry into a quitline service and subsequent tobacco use treatment outcomes. Methods: A retrospective study using logistic regression analysis of 11,040 Arizona Smokers' Helpline (ASHLine) clients was conducted to determine whether self- or medical referrals were related to 7- and 30-day point prevalence tobacco treatment outcomes at 7 months postquit. Results: Smokers referred to the ASHLine by a health care provider were more likely to quit smoking than were those who self-referred. Conclusions: Mode of entry into a quitline service for smoking cessation is related to treatment outcomes. Reasons for this outcome are uncertain and require additional research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2012


  • Quitline
  • Referral for services
  • Smoking
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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