Registration of food and feed additives (enzymes) in the United States, Canada, and China

Carlos Simões Nunes, Adinarayana Kunamneni, Vikas Kumar, Habte Michael Habte-Tsion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Food and feed additives may be natural, nature identical, or artificial. The main groups of additives are enzymes, antioxidants, colors, flavor enhancers, sweeteners, emulsifiers, stabilizers, and preservatives. Worldwide, all additives are generally thoroughly assessed for safety and efficacy before they are allowed to be used. Most additives are only then permitted to be used in a limited range of products and in certain amounts based on an acceptable daily intake calculated from the results of safety tests. Even when an additive has been approved, regular repeat testing is required to maintain its status as "approved" in many jurisdictions. Food/feed labels give information about most additives present in the ingredients list, so that consumers can make informed choices. For food and feed ingredients there is a comparative report, published in 2013, on the regulatory management between Brazil, Canada, China, European Union, Japan, South Africa, and United States. In this chapter, we summarize the regulatory nutritional additives facts in the United States, Canada, and China. The information on European Union additives regulations are presented in Chapter 25, Registration of food and feed additives-enzymes in the European Union.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Perspectives
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780128054192
ISBN (Print)9780128094266
StatePublished - Mar 17 2018


  • CFIA
  • Canada
  • China
  • Efficacy
  • Enzymes
  • FDA
  • Food and feed additives
  • Registration
  • Safety
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Registration of food and feed additives (enzymes) in the United States, Canada, and China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this