Raised intracranial pressure

William D. Freeman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) or intracranial hypertension is defined as a sustained ICP greater than 20 mmHg. A wide range of etiologies can cause elevated ICP including stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus, brain tumors, venous obstruction, and central nervous system infection. ICP must be measured via an invasive brain monitor. This chapter reviews the evidence-based treatment of raised ICP with mannitol, hypertonic saline, hypothermia, barbiturates, and decompressive craniotomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEvidence-Based Neurology
Subtitle of host publicationManagement of Neurological Disorders: Second Edition
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781119067344
ISBN (Print)9780470657782
StatePublished - Dec 11 2015


  • Cerebral edema
  • Herniation
  • ICP
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Intracranial pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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