Radiation dose reduction for 3D angiography images in pediatric and congenital cardiology

Kenneth A. Fetterly, Andrea Ferrero, Brad R. Lewis, Jason H. Anderson, Donald J. Hagler, Nathaniel W. Taggart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of simulated reduced-dose three-dimensional angiography (3DA) on the accuracy and precision of linear measurements derived from 3DA datasets. Background: Three-dimensional angiography is performed during X-ray guided interventional procedures to aid diagnosis and inform treatment strategies for children and adults with congenital heart disease. However, 3DA contributes substantially to patient radiation dose and may lead to an increased radiation-induced cancer risk. Methods: Reduced-dose patient 3DA images were simulated by adding quantum noise to the 2D projection angiograms, then reconstructing the projection angiograms into the 3DA dataset. Dose reduction in the range 33–72% was simulated. Five observers performed 46 vessel diameter measurements along prespecified axes within 23 vessel segments from 11 patient 3DA datasets. Statistical tests were performed to assess the influence of radiation dose reduction on the accuracy and precision of vessel diameter measurements. Results: Vessel diameter measurements were in the range 5.9– 22.7 mm. Considering all vessel segments and observers, the influence of dose level on the accuracy of diameter measurements was in the range 0.02 – 0.15 mm (p.05–.8). Interobserver variability increased modestly with vessel diameter, but was not influence by dose level (p =.52). The statistical test for observer recall bias was negative (p =.51). Conclusions: Simulated dose reduction up to 72% did not affect the accuracy or precision of the diameter measurements acquired from 3DA images. These findings may embolden 3DA radiation dose reduction for pediatric and congenital heart disease patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E502-E509
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • 3-D/digital subtraction/radiation
  • angiographic systems (ANGS)
  • congenital heart disease, pediatrics (CONP)
  • radiation physics/dosimetry (RADI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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