Questionnaire survey of physicians: Design and practical use in nephrology

Varun Agrawal, P. Garimella, S. Roshan, A. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


As medicine grows in complexity, it is imperative for physicians to update their knowledge base and practice to reflect current standards of care. Postgraduate training offers a golden opportunity for resident physicians to create a strong foundation of concepts in medicine. There is a need for assessing the knowledge of residents regarding established clinical practice guidelines and their perceptions regarding patient care and management. In this paper, we review how questionnaire surveys can be designed and applied to identify significant gaps in resident knowledge and inappropriate attitudes and beliefs. This evaluation has important implications for program directors who can then initiate measures to improve resident education. Such efforts during residency training have the potential of improving patient outcomes. We discuss the design of the questionnaire, its pre-testing and validity measures, online distribution, efficient response collection, data analysis, and possible future research. Finally, we illustrate this method of educational research with a questionnaire survey designed to measure the awareness of chronic kidney disease among internal medicine residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Nephrology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Graduate medical education
  • Medical practice
  • Questionnaire survey
  • Residency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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