Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common inflammatory spondyloarthropathy with hip involvement in 40% of patients. With the renewed interest in the hip-spine interplay, this study aimed to define long-term outcomes of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the setting of AS. Methods: We identified 309 hips (219 patients) with AS treated with primary THA from 1969 to 2018. Mean age was 49 years, 80% were males, and mean body mass index was 28 kg/m2. Cumulative incidences of any revision, reoperation, and dislocation were calculated utilizing a competing risk analysis. Harris Hip Scores and complications were also reported. Mean follow-up was 16 years. Results: The cumulative incidence of any revision after primary THA was 2.3% at 5 years and 17.5% at 20 years. The most common reasons for revision (n = 73) were aseptic loosening (41%), osteolysis/polyethylene (PE) wear (30%, all with conventional PE), and femoral component fracture (8%). The cumulative incidence of dislocation was 1.9% at 5 years and 2.9% at 20 years. Younger age was associated with increased risk of revision (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.3, P < .01) and reoperation (HR = 1.2, P < .01), but not dislocation (HR = 0.7, P = .1). Twenty-eight hips (9%) experienced a postoperative complication not requiring reoperation. The mean Harris Hip Score improved from 51 to 76 after THA (P < .001). Conclusion: In this series of 309 primary THAs in patients with AS, the 20-year cumulative incidence of any revision after primary THA was 17.5%. Aseptic loosening, osteolysis/PE wear, and femoral component fracture were the most common reasons for revision. Notably, the cumulative incidence of dislocation at 20 years was only 2.9%. Level of Evidence: Level IV.
- inflammatory arthritis
- joint arthroplasty
- stiff spine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine