Primary medial femoral condyle vascularized bone graft for scaphoid nonunions with carpal collapse and proximal pole avascular necrosis

Kathleen M. Kollitz, Nicholas Pulos, Allen T. Bishop, Alexander Y. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the outcome of free vascularized medial femoral condyle bone grafts in the primary treatment of scaphoid nonunions with scaphoid foreshortening or carpal collapse and intraoperatively documented avascular necrosis. Thirty-two patients (28 male, four female) met the inclusion criteria. Median time from injury to surgery was 70 weeks. Thirty of 32 patients healed at a median of 12 weeks. There was significant improvement from preoperative to postoperative lateral intrascaphoid angle, scapholunate angle, and radiolunate angle. Two scaphoids failed to unite; one patient underwent scaphoidectomy and four-corner fusion 15 months postoperatively after suffering a subsequent injury. Another patient underwent 1,2-intercompartmental supraretinacular artery-based vascularized bone grafting at 4 months postoperatively and then scaphoid excision with four-corner fusion 4 years later. The free vascularized medial femoral condyle bone graft restores scaphoid vascularity and architecture while promoting union in a subset of scaphoid nonunions that has historically been a clinical challenge. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery: European Volume
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • Scaphoid nonunion
  • avascular necrosis
  • carpal fracture
  • vascularized bone graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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