Portopulmonary hypertension: A report from the US-based REVEAL registry

Michael J. Krowka, Dave P. Miller, Robyn J. Barst, Darren Taichman, Raed A. Dweik, David B. Badesch, Michael D. McGoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations


Background: We evaluated survival and hospitalization rates in patients with group 1 portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) in the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Disease Management (REVEAL Registry). Methods: The REVEAL Registry is a multicenter, observational, US-based study evaluating demographics and management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Outcomes were examined using Kaplan-Meier time-to-event estimates and compared with patients with idiopathic PAH (IPAH) or familial PAH (FPAH). Results: One hundred seventy-four patients with PoPH were enrolled in the REVEAL Registry (IPAH/FPAH; n = 1,478) from March 2006 to December 2009. Mean age was 53 ± 10 years, 52% were female, 32% were newly diagnosed, and 6% were New York Heart Association/World Health Organization functional class IV. Outcome parameters were worse for PoPH vs IPAH/FPAH, respectively: 2-year survival from enrollment (67% vs 85%, P < .001), 5-year survival from time of diagnosis (40% vs 64%, P < .001), and 2-year freedom from all-cause hospitalization (49% vs 59%, P = .019). However, despite worse outcomes, hemodynamic parameters at diagnosis were better for PoPH vs IPAH/FPAH, respectively: mean pulmonary artery pressure (49 mm Hg vs 53 mm Hg, P < .001), mean right atrial pressure (9 mm Hg vs 10 mm Hg, P = .005), pulmonary vascular resistance (8 Wood units vs 12 Wood units, P < .001), and cardiac output (5 L/min vs 4 L/min, P < .001). Compared with patients with IPAH/FPAH, patients with PoPH were less likely to be on a PAH-specific therapy at enrollment (P < .001), suggesting potential delays in therapy for patients with PoPH. Conclusions: Patients with PoPH had significantly poorer survival and all-cause hospitalization rates compared with patients with IPAH/FPAH, despite having better hemodynamics at diagnosis. Further studies should investigate such outcomes and differences in treatment patterns. Trial registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00370214; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-915
Number of pages10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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