Polygenic Risk Scores for Blood Pressure to Assess the Risk of Severe Bevacizumab-Induced Hypertension in Cancer Patients (Alliance)

Julia C.F. Quintanilha, Amy S. Etheridge, Brady J. Graynor, Nicholas B. Larson, Daniel J. Crona, Braxton D. Mitchell, Federico Innocenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hypertension is a common bevacizumab-induced toxicity. No markers are available to predict patients at risk of developing hypertension. We hypothesized that genetic risk of essential hypertension, as measured by a blood pressure polygenic risk score (PRS), would be associated with risk of severe bevacizumab-induced hypertension. PRSs were calculated for 1,027 bevacizumab-treated patients of European descent with cancer from four clinical trials (Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (Alliance) / Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 80303, 40503, 90401, 40502) using summary systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) genome-wide association results obtained from 757,601 individuals of European descent. The association between PRS and grade 3 bevacizumab-induced hypertension (Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 3) in each trial was performed by multivariable logistic regression. Fixed-effect meta-analyses odds ratios (ORs) per standard deviation (SD) of the association of PRS (quantitative) and hypertension across trials were estimated by inverse-variance weighting. PRSs were additionally stratified into quintiles, with the bottom quintile as the referent group. The OR of the association between hypertension and each quintile vs. the referent group was determined by logistic regression. The most significant PRS (quantitative)-hypertension association included up to 67 single-nucleotide variants (SNPs) associated with SBP (P = 0.0077, OR per SD = 1.31, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07–1.60), and up to 53 SNPs associated with DBP (P = 0.0209, OR per SD = 1.27, 95% CI, 1.04–1.56). Patients in the top quintile had a higher risk of developing bevacizumab-induced hypertension compared with patients in the bottom quintile using SNPs associated with SBP (P = 4.75 × 10−4, OR = 3.72, 95% CI, 1.84–8.16) and DBP (P = 0.076, OR = 1.83, 95% CI, 0.95–3.64). Genetic variants associated with essential hypertension, mainly SBP, increase the risk of severe bevacizumab-induced hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalClinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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