Patient-specific anatomic models from three dimensional medical image data for clinical applications in surgery and endoscopy

Richard A. Robb, Shmuel Aharon, Bruce M. Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Virtual surgery and endoscopy use computer-generated volume renderings and/or models created from 3D medical image scans (CT or MRI) of individual patients. The patient's anatomy, including organs and other internal structures of interest, are then traversed in a virtual "fly-through," giving nearly the same visual impression as if the corresponding real organ was being examined intraoperatively, or as if an actual video or fiberoptic endoscopic procedure was being performed. Such virtual examinations may provide capabilities and information not possible or available in physical examinations. The potential is to provide a noninvasive computer-aided treatment plan or diagnostic screening procedure to augment or replace conventional invasive procedures. With sophisticated image processsing and computational analysis, it is possible to perform realistic and useful simulations of surgical and endoscopic procedures, including "virtual dissection and resection" and "virtual biopsy." Surgical margins can be accurately assessed and differential tissue diagnoses made based upon spectral or other information contained in the patient-specific images and models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Issue number3 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 1997


  • 3D imaging
  • Anatomy modeling
  • Surgery simulation
  • Virtual endoscopy
  • Virtual reality
  • Volume rendering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications


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