Patient-reported outcomes of catheter-based accelerated partial breast brachytherapy and whole breast irradiation, a single institution experience

Krishan R. Jethwa, Mohamed M. Kahila, Kristin C. Mara, William S. Harmsen, David M. Routman, Geralyn M. Pumper, Kimberly S. Corbin, Jeff A. Sloan, Kathryn J. Ruddy, Tina J. Hieken, Sean S. Park, Robert W. Mutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) and whole breast irradiation (WBI) are treatment options for early-stage breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare patient-reported-outcomes (PRO) between patients receiving multi-channel intra-cavitary brachytherapy APBI or WBI. Methods: Between 2012 and 2015, 131 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or early stage invasive breast cancer were treated with adjuvant APBI (64) or WBI (67) and participated in a PRO questionnaire. The linear analog scale assessment (LASA), harvard breast cosmesis scale (HBCS), PRO-common terminology criteria for adverse events- PRO (PRO-CTCAE), and breast cancer treatment outcome scale (BCTOS) were used to assess quality of life (QoL), pain, fatigue, aesthetic and functional status, and breast cosmesis. Comparisons of PROs were performed using t-tests, Wilcoxon rank-sum, Chi square, Fisher exact test, and regression methods. Results: Median follow-up from completion of radiotherapy and questionnaire completion was 13.3 months. There was no significant difference in QoL, pain, or fatigue severity, as assessed by the LASA, between treatment groups (p > 0.05). No factors were found to be predictive of overall QoL on regression analysis. BCTOS health-related QoL scores were similar between treatment groups (p = 0.52).The majority of APBI and WBI patients reported excellent/good breast cosmesis, 88.5% versus 93.7% (p = 0.37). Skin color change (p = 0.011) and breast elevation (p = 0.01) relative to baseline were more common in the group receiving WBI. Conclusions: APBI and WBI were both associated with favorable patient-reported outcomes in early follow-up. APBI resulted in a lesser degree of patient-reported skin color change and breast elevation relative to baseline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2018


  • APBI
  • Breast
  • Cancer
  • PROs
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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