Outcomes of Unilateral Versus Bilateral Use of the Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis for Elective Endovascular Treatment of Aorto-iliac Aneurysms

Mario D’Oria, Emanuel R. Tenorio, Gustavo S. Oderich, Randall R. DeMartino, Manju Kalra, Fahad Shuja, Jill J. Colglazier, Bernardo C. Mendes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate outcomes after bilateral implantation of the Gore Excluder Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis (IBE) versus those achieved after unilateral implantation. Methods: All consecutive patients electively treated in a single center for aorto-iliac aneurysm using the IBE device between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2018, were reviewed. Early outcome measures were technical success, 30 days or in-hospital mortality, and major adverse events (MAE). Late outcome measures were survival, internal iliac artery (IIA) patency, and freedom from IIA branch instability. Results: A total of 74 patients (97% males, mean age 74 ± 7 years) were included. Thirteen patients (17%) received bilateral IBE implantation for a total of 85 vessels evaluated. The technical success rate was 97% and was not significantly different between the two groups (p =.32). Two patients died within 30 days, both in the unilateral group (p = 1). No significant differences were seen in the rates of 30 days MAE (p =.10). At one year, the overall survival rate was 95 ± 2% vs 90 ± 3% in the unilateral and bilateral group, respectively (Log-rank =.05). There were no differences in 1-year primary and secondary patency rates between groups (Log-rank =.75 and Log-rank =.34, respectively). Freedom from IIA branch instability at one year was also not significantly different (unilateral: 94 ± 3% vs. bilateral: 82 ± 9%, Log-rank =.22). Conclusions: Bilateral IBE use for elective endovascular treatment of aorto-iliac aneurysms appears safe and feasible and may achieve satisfactory short-term and mid-term outcomes. Bilateral IBE use should be employed judiciously in the context of a comprehensive risk/benefit evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-949
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Aortic disease
  • Aorto-iliac aneurysms
  • Endovascular repair
  • Hypogastric artery
  • Iliac Branch Endoprosthesis
  • Stent-graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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