Optimizing Thromboembolism Prophylaxis for the Contemporary Age of Multiple Myeloma

Muhamed Baljevic, Douglas W. Sborov, Ming Y. Lim, Jens Hillengass, Thomas Martin, Jorge J. Castillo, Michael B. Streiff, Shaji K. Kumar, Natalie S. Callander

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major complication in all patients with cancer. Compared with the general population, patients withmultiple myeloma (MM) have a 9-fold increase in VTE risk, likely because of their malignancy, its treatments, and other additional patientrelated factors. In MM, thromboembolism events tend to occur within 6 months of treatment initiation, regardless of treatment regimen; however, the use of immunomodulatory agents such as thalidomide or lenalidomide, especially in combination with dexamethasone or multiagent chemotherapy, is known to create a significant risk for VTE. Currently, official recommendations for VTE prophylaxis inMM outlined in various national guidelines or multidisciplinary society panels are based on expert opinion, because data from randomized controlled trials are scarce. Large studies which have mainly focused on the efficacy of thromboprophylaxis in patients with cancer at higher risk for VTE either had a very low representation of patients with MM, or excluded them all together, limiting our ability to draw evidencebased conclusions on how to effectively protect MM population from VTE. In this brief perspective, we highlight some of the greatest challenges that have hampered the field concerning the availability of high-quality clinical trial data for the formulation of best VTE prophylaxis strategies in patients with newly diagnosed MM, as well as the rationale for the latest updates in the NCCN Guidelines on this topic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-95
Number of pages5
JournalJNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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