We report the clinical and pathological features of a cardiac fatality caused by granulocytic sarcoma in a young adult man with no evidence of leukemia involving bone marrow or peripheral blood. At autopsy, walls of the four cardiac chambers were massively infiltrated by tumor, resulting in a cardiac weight of almost three times normal. Routine cytochemical stains plus immunoperoxidase staining for OKM1 confirmed the diagnosis. Although subclinical cardiac infiltrates are commonly detected at autopsy in patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL), massive cardiac granulocytic sarcoma in the absence of bone marrow disease has not been previously described. Cytochemical and immunological methods of diagnosing granulocytic sarcoma in fixed tissues are reviewed.
- heart neoplasm
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