New therapeutics for primary hyperoxaluria type 1

Pegah Dejban, John C. Lieske

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of reviewPrimary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare genetic disorder that causes hepatic overproduction of oxalate and, often, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, chronic kidney disease, and kidney failure. The purpose of the review is to provide an update on current emerging therapies for the treatment of PH1.Recent findingsUse of ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi) therapeutics that target the liver to block production of key enzymes along pathways that generate oxalate is a promising approach. Available evidence supports the efficacy of both Lumasiran (targeting glycolate oxidase) and Nedosiran (targeting hepatic lactate dehydrogenase (LDHa)) to reduce urinary oxalate excretion in PH1. The efficacy of alternative approaches including stiripentol (an anticonvulsant drug that also targets LDHa), lanthanum (a potential gastrointestinal oxalate binder), and Oxalobacter formigenes (a bacterium that can degrade oxalate within the gastrointestinal tract and may also increase its secretion from blood) are all also under study. Genetic editing tools including clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 are also in preclinical study as a potential PH1 therapeutic.SummaryNovel treatments can reduce the plasma oxalate concentration and urinary oxalate excretion in PH1 patients. Thus, it is possible these approaches will reduce the need for combined kidney and liver transplantation to significantly decrease the morbidity and mortality of affected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-350
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in nephrology and hypertension
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • RNA interference
  • calcium oxalate
  • oxalate
  • primary hyperoxaluria type 1
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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