MRI, CT, and PET/CT for ovarian cancer detection and adnexal lesion characterization

Veena R. Iyer, Susanna I. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of MR, CT, and PET/CT in the detection of ovarian cancer and the evaluation of adnexal lesions. CONCLUSION. The goal of imaging in ovarian cancer detection is to expeditiously distinguish benign adnexal lesions from those requiring further pathologic evaluation for malignancy. For lesions indeterminate on ultrasound, MRI increases the specificity of imaging evaluation, thus decreasing benign resections. CT is useful in diagnosis and treatment planning of advanced cancer. Although 18F-FDG-avid ovarian lesions in postmenopausal women are considered suspicious for malignancy, PET/CT is not recommended for primary cancer detection because of high false-positive rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-321
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010


  • Borderline tumor
  • Endometriosis
  • Gynecology
  • Krukenberg tumor
  • Screening
  • Staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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