Objective: We aimed to test for an association between the amount of circulating fetal cell-free DNA and trisomy, and whether NIPS failure due to low fetal fraction indicates trisomy risk. Method: Maternal BMI, maternal age, fetal sex, gestational age, fetal cfDNA fraction, and NIPS results was collected on 2374 pregnancies. Additional clinical information was available for 1180 research consented patients. We investigated associations between fetal fraction and available variables and determined the success rate of repeat NIPS testing. Results: Fetal trisomy was marginally associated with decreased fetal fraction (P =.067). However, the proportions of trisomy events were not significantly increased in women who had failed NIPS due to low fetal fraction (<4%) (OR = 1.37 [0.3-7.4]; P =.714). 66% of repeated NIPS after a second blood draw were successful. Conclusion: Failure to meet the clinical cutoff of 4% fetal fraction established for NIPS accuracy did not suggest increased risk for trisomy in our cohort. Because repeat testing was successful in the majority of cases and most failures were explained by high BMI and low gestational age, a redraw may be an appropriate next step before invasive screening due to concerns for trisomic pregnancies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology