Allen J. Aksamit, Aaron L. Berkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


PURPOSE OF REVIEW This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of infectious meningitis, including updates on newer molecular diagnostic techniques for microbiological diagnosis. RECENT FINDINGS New polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based molecular diagnostic techniques have improved the timeliness of microbiological diagnosis in meningitis, but clinicians must be aware of the limitations of such tests. Next-generation sequencing can now be applied to CSF, allowing for diagnosis of infections not identifiable by conventional means. SUMMARY Infectious meningitis can be caused by a broad range of organisms. The clinician must be aware of the test characteristics of new molecular techniques for microbiological diagnosis as well as traditional techniques to tailor antimicrobial therapy appropriately in patients with meningitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-854
Number of pages19
JournalCONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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