Measuring copeptin, a surrogate for vasopressin in patients with hypertension – Can it identify those who are volume Responsive?

Ronstan Lobo, John C. Lieske, Leslie J. Donato, La Tonya J. Hickson, David O. Hodge, Arlene Chapman, Gary L. Schwartz, Allan S. Jaffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Among hypertensive patients, plasma renin activity is lower and the response to diuretic monotherapy greater in volume responsive hypertensive patients. We hypothesized that hormones influencing extracellular volume such as vasopressin / antidiuretic hormone (ADH) might permit the development of a simple test to identify those with volume-related hypertension. Such a test might be of particular benefit to the Black population which is purported to have a higher incidence of volume-related and responsive hypertension. Thus, using copeptin, a surrogate marker for ADH, we studied if there were differences in this hormone between those with and without volume responsive hypertension. Methods: Serum copeptin was measured in biobanked blood samples from the Genetic Epidemiology of Responses to Antihypertensives (GERA) I study and analyzed with other variables from the study dataset. Results: There was no relationship between PRA and copeptin values nor could the response in blood pressure be predicted by the copeptin values. However, baseline copeptin levels were higher in Black than in White subjects (7.5 pmol/L vs 5.4 pmol/L, P < 0.001) while plasma sodium and calculated plasma osmolality were slightly lower in keeping with the concept that Black subjects have more volume-related hypertension. In addition, after hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), copeptin was significantly lower in Black (6.2 pmol/L, P = 0.004) but unchanged in White subjects (5.2 pmol/L, P = 0.901) and there were also changes in sodium. Conclusion: The current study suggests differences in ADH physiology between hypertensive Black and White patients. However, the use of copeptin to identify volume responsive patients could not be confirmed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Biochemistry
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • African-Americans
  • Antidiurectic hormone
  • Biomarkers
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Copeptin
  • Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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