MANP (M-Atrial Natriuretic Peptide) Reduces Blood Pressure and Furosemide-Induced Increase in Aldosterone in Hypertension

Nina A. Dzhoyashvili, Seethalakshmi R. Iyer, Horng H. Chen, John C. Burnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: cGMP MANP (M-atrial natriuretic peptide) is a best-in-class activator of the pGC-A (particulate guanylyl cyclase A) receptor. Furosemide increases the effectiveness of antihypertensive agents, but activates renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. We aimed to investigate for the first time cardiorenal and neurohumoral actions of MANP in a genetic model of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. We also assessed how MANP would potentiate the blood pressure (BP)-lowering actions of furosemide while reducing the production of aldosterone. Methods: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (N=60) were randomized in vehicle, MANP, furosemide, or MANP+furosemide groups. Furosemide (1, 5, 10 mg/kg) was given as a single bolus which in MANP+furosemide groups was followed by a 60-minute infusion of MANP. Results: BP was reduced in MANP300 (300 pmol/[kg·min]) and MANP600 (600 pmol/[kg·min]) groups (P<0.05) and was accompanied by significant increase in plasma cyclic guanosine monophosphate. Furosemide alone reduced BP but less compared with MANP with no change in plasma cyclic guanosine monophosphate. MANP+furosemide resulted in the greatest BP reduction and significant increase in plasma cyclic guanosine monophosphate in Fs5+MANP300, Fs10+MANP300, and Fs10+MANP600. Plasma aldosterone increased in furosemide groups, which was significantly attenuated in MANP+furosemide groups. Natriuresis and diuresis increased in all treated groups (P<0.05) with no significant differences between furosemide and furosemide+MANP. In vitro, MANP increased cyclic guanosine monophosphate level in human vascular cells. Conclusions: We provide novel evidence that MANP potentiates the BP-lowering actions of furosemide, suppresses the activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and preserves renal function. These data are highly relevant to clinical needs in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-760
Number of pages11
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • aldosterone
  • blood pressure
  • cyclic GMP
  • furosemide
  • heart failure
  • natriuretic peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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