Background: We studied the safety and efficacy of performing low-risk elective and acute infarct percutaneous coronary interventions at a community hospital without cardiac surgical capability. Methods: Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital is located 85 miles from St Mary's Hospital, which is the nearest center with on-site cardiac surgery. All components of the Mayo Clinic percutaneous coronary intervention program were replicated at Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital, including a telemedicine system to enable real-time consultation with interventional and cardiac surgical colleagues during procedures. Results: From March 1999 to June 2001, 196 patients underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention at Immanuel St Joseph's Hospital. Procedural success was achieved in 195 (99.5%) patients, with 1 (0.5%) inhospital death. At mean follow-up of 8.2 months, 2 (1.0%) additional patients died of noncardiac causes and 15 (7.7%) patients required target vessel revascularization. From March 2000 to June 2001, 89 patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. Procedural success was achieved in 83 (93.3%) patients, with 3 (3.4%) inhospital deaths. At 30-day follow up, no additional patients died, had recurrent myocardial infarction, or required target vessel revascularization. No patients required transfer to another facility for emergent cardiac surgery for a procedure-related complication. Conclusions: Low-risk elective and acute infarct percutaneous coronary interventions can be performed with safety and efficacy at a community hospital without cardiac surgical capability by following rigorous standards.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine