PURPOSE:This study assessed the long-term quality of life (QOL) of patients with aggressive lymphoma subtypes treated with autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) compared with those without history of transplant.METHODS:Patient-reported QOL measures were prospectively gathered from patients enrolled in the Iowa/Mayo Specialized Program of Research Excellence Molecular Epidemiology Resource cohort with aggressive lymphoma subtypes. QOL was measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Profile of Mood States instruments and with a numeric rating scale for overall QOL and spiritual QOL. The autoHCT group and no HCT groups were compared at 3 years (FU3) and 6 years (FU6) after lymphoma diagnosis.RESULTS:In total, 980 patients with lymphoma (106 autoHCT and 874 no HCT) diagnosed between 2002 and 2013 were included for analysis. The mean FACT-G total score was similar in the autoHCT and no HCT groups at FU3 (89.9 v 90.1, P =.64) and also at FU6 (91.5 v 89.6, P =.44). No differences between the autoHCT and no HCT groups were identified in the FACT subscales. The STAI identified lower anxiety in the autoHCT group by mean STAI1 (state) at FU3 (30.1 v 33.4, P <.01) and by mean STAI2 (trait) at FU6 (30.1 v 33.5, P =.02). No other clinically meaningful differences were identified between the two groups using the other QOL instruments.CONCLUSION:Patients remaining in remission at 3 and 6 years after diagnosis had a high level of QOL with no significant differences associated with history of treatment with autoHCT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy