Linkage analysis using multiple DNA polymorphic markers in normal families and in families with fragile X syndrome

S. N. Thibodeau, H. R. Dorkins, K. R. Faulk, R. Berry, A. C.M. Smith, R. Hagerman, A. King, K. E. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Linkage data, using the polymorphic markers 52A (DXS51), F9, 4D-8(DXS98), and St14(DXS52), are presented from 14 fragile X pedigrees and from 7 normal pedigrees derived from the collection of the Centre d'Étude du Polymorphisme Humaine. A multipoint linkage analysis indicates that the most probable order of these four loci in normal families is DXS51-F9-DXS98-DXS52. Recombination frequencies ( {Mathematical expression}) corresponding to maximum LOD scores ( {Mathematical expression}) were obtained by two-point linkage analysis for a nuber of linkage groups, including: DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=5.94, {Mathematical expression}=0.03), F9-DXS98 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.51, {Mathematical expression}=0.26), F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.84, {Mathematical expression}=0.27), and DXS98-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.32, {Mathematical expression}=0.20). A multipoint linkage analysis of these loci, including the fragile X locus, was also performed for the fragile X population and the data support the relative order (DSX51, F9, DXS98)-FRAXA-DXS52. Recombination frequencies and maximum LOD scores, which again were derived from two-point linkage analyses, were obtained for the linkage groups DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=9.96, {Mathematical expression}=0) and F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.07, {Mathematical expression}=0.45), as well as for the groups DXS51-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42, {Mathematical expression}=0.15), F9-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=1.30, {Mathematical expression}=0.18), DXS98-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=0.05 {Mathematical expression}=0.36), and DXS52-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42 {Mathematical expression}=0.15). The linkage data was further tested for the presence of genetic heterogeneity both within and between the fragile X and normal families for the intervals DXS51-F9, F9-DXS52, F9-FRAXA, and DXS52-FRAXA using a modification of the A test. Except for the interval F9-FRAXA (P<0.10) there was no evidence of genetic heterogeneity for each of the various linkage groups examined. The heterogeneity detected for the interval F9-FRAXA, however, was most likely due to one family (Fx-28) that displayed very tight linkage between these two loci.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalHuman genetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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