Laparoscopic and hand-assisted distal pancreatectomy

Bernadette U. Laxa, Alfredo M. Carbonell, William S. Cobb, Michael J. Rosen, Jeffrey M. Hardacre, Kristin L. Mekeel, Kristi L. Harold

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47 Scopus citations


With the increased use of CT, discovering incidental pancreatic lesions has become commonplace. Lesions in the distal pancreas lend themselves well to laparoscopic resection. We reviewed our experience with laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. During the study period, 32 distal pancreatectomies were performed. There were 20 females. Mean patient age was 58.0 years (range, 23-83 years) and mean body mass index was 29.9 kg/m2 (range, 19.9-44.7 kg/m2). Technique was laparoscopic (25) or hand-assisted (seven) with one conversion in each group. The spleen was preserved in six patients (18.8%). Mean operative time overall was 238 minutes (range, 140-515 minutes); hand-assisted was 222 minutes and laparoscopic was 254 minutes. Estimated blood loss averaged 221 mL (range, 50-1800 mL). Mean tumor size was 2.7 cm (range, 0.6-7 cm). Tumor pathology was serous cystadenoma (10), neuroendocrine tumor (six), mucinous cystic neoplasm (four), intrapapillary mucinous neoplasm (four), adenocarcinoma (three), other (four), and solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (one). Mean length of stay was 5 days (range, 3-11 days). Complications were pancreatic fistula (six), wound infection (two), pulmonary embolism (one), pancreatitis (one), myocardial infarction (one), postoperative bleed from combined laparoscopic bilateral oophorectomy (one), and pancreatic stump staple line bleed requiring reoperation (one). There were no perioperative deaths. All pancreatic fistulas resolved with conservative management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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