Is cytomegalovirus infection related to mycophenolate mofetil after kidney transplantation? A case-control study

Juan M. Sarmiento, Stephen R. Munn, Carlos V. Paya, Jorge A. Velosa, Justin H. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Three multicenter studies have shown that the addition of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to an immunosuppressive regime consisting of cyclosporin A (CSA) and prednisone (PRED) decreases the incidence of acute rejection episodes when compared with azathioprine (AZA) or placebo. In those patients receiving 3 g/d of MMF, the highest dose used in the studies, there was a trend towards an increased incidence of cytomegaloviral sepsis (CMV). We postulated therefore that MMF may represent an independent risk factor for the development of CMV infection in patients receiving renal allografts and MMF at our institution. Having altered the triple drug regime from CSA, AZA (2-2.5 mg/kg/d) and PRED to CSA, MMF (2 g/d) and PRED in July 1995, we elected to study all patients undergoing kidney transplantation for the 33-month period January 1994-September 1996, by undertaking a case control analysis to determine independent risk factors for the development of CMV infection, as defined by CMV viremia or tissue-invasive CMV. Three CMV disease-free control patients were matched to each case, these patients having been randomly selected from the entire pool of patients in the observation period. There were 31 CMV case patients and 102 control patients. Univariate analysis indicated that gender, a concomitant pancreas transplant, acute rejection and CMV seropositivity in the donor were risk factors. However, multivariate analysis indicated that only acute rejection and donor CMV seropositivity were independently linked (p < 0.05) to CMV disease in this sample. Specifically, the odds ratio (OR) for CMV disease between MMF and AZA was 1.0 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.46-2.18). Therefore, in this case control study we find no evidence that MMF at a dose of 2 g/d is an independent risk factor for primary CMV viremia or tissue invasion in renal allograft recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-374
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1998


  • CMV status
  • Case-control study
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Mycophenolate mofetil
  • Rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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