Inter-slice bidirectional registration-based segmentation of the prostate gland in MR and CT image sequences

Farzad Khalvati, Aryan Salmanpour, Shahryar Rahnamayan, George Rodrigues, Hamid R. Tizhoosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Accurate segmentation and volume estimation of the prostate gland in magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images are necessary steps in diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of prostate cancer. This paper presents an algorithm for the prostate gland volume estimation based on the semiautomated segmentation of individual slices in T2-weighted MR and CT image sequences. Methods: The proposed Inter-Slice Bidirectional Registration-based Segmentation (iBRS) algorithm relies on interslice image registration of volume data to segment the prostate gland without the use of an anatomical atlas. It requires the user to mark only three slices in a given volume dataset, i.e., the first, middle, and last slices. Next, the proposed algorithm uses a registration algorithm to autosegment the remaining slices. We conducted comprehensive experiments to measure the performance of the proposed algorithm using three registration methods (i.e., rigid, affine, and nonrigid techniques). Results: The results with the proposed technique were compared with manual marking using prostate MR and CT images from 117 patients. Manual marking was performed by an expert user for all 117 patients. The median accuracies for individual slices measured using the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) were 92% and 91% for MR and CT images, respectively. The iBRS algorithm was also evaluated regarding user variability, which confirmed that the algorithm was robust to interuser variability when marking the prostate gland. Conclusions: The proposed algorithm exploits the interslice data redundancy of the images in a volume dataset of MR and CT images and eliminates the need for an atlas, minimizing the computational cost while producing highly accurate results which are robust to interuser variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123503
JournalMedical physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Computed tomography imaging
  • Image registration
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Prostate segmentation
  • Prostate volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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