Integrated strategy combining endobronchial ultrasound with positron emission tomography to diagnose peripheral pulmonary lesions

Xiao Wu, Zhou An, Kui Zhao, Sijia Yang, Xu Lin, Xiaona Dai, Derek Radisky, Jian Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial lung biopsy (EBUS-TBLB) and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) have been widely used in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). This study was conducted to determine the diagnostic value of EBUS-TBLB combined with FDG-PET in the assessment of PPLs. Methods: The clinical data of 76 patients with PPLs who received both FDG-PET and EBUS-TBLB from January 2016 to February 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Further subgroup analysis was performed according to lesion diameter (≤20 mm or >20 mm). Related diagnostic indices were calculated and compared between groups. Results: When combining EBUS-TBLB with FDG-PET, the diagnostic accuracy rate, sensitivity, specificity, Youden's index, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for PPLs were 86.8%, 90.2%, 73.3%, 63.5%, 93.2%, and 64.7%, respectively. In addition, the diagnostic accuracy rate of the combined approach was significantly higher than the single EBUS-TBLB and FDG-PET (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively), and its Youden's index was also at a higher level. When stratified by lesion diameter, the combined approach showed a significantly higher diagnostic accuracy rate (P < 0.05) and a higher Youden's index for PPLs >20 mm than PPLs ≤20 mm. In addition, we found that positive bronchus sign and probe within the probe were two important factors conducing to enhancing the diagnostic accuracy rate for EBUS-TBLB. Conclusions: An integrated approach combining EBUS-TBLB with FDG-PET is particularly useful for diagnosing PPLs, and the improved diagnostic yields were especially evident for PPLs >20 mm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2094-2100
Number of pages7
JournalThoracic Cancer
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • Diagnosis
  • endobronchial ultrasound
  • peripheral pulmonary lesions
  • positron emission tomography
  • transbronchial lung biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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