Infectious agents associated with myopathies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Several infectious agents can cause chronic or acute myopathy. Most current investigations into possible infectious causes of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies have focused on retroviruses, including HIV and human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus type I. In both cases, viruses likely do not directly infect muscle fibers but instead induce an immunologically mediated myositis. Other interest has focused on enteroviruses as potential etiologic agents of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, but their relationship to human myositis is less clear. In addition to chronic muscle disease, several infectious agents can cause acute myositis, including pyomyositis, which is being recognized in temperate climates with increasing frequency, and rhabdomyolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-513
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in rheumatology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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