Improvement in distance stereoacuity following surgery for intermittent exotropia

Wendy E. Adams, David A. Leske, Sarah R. Hatt, Brian G. Mohney, Eileen E. Birch, David R. Weakley, Jonathan M. Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate whether distance stereoacuity improves following surgery for intermittent exotropia using the Frisby Davis Distance (FD2) and Distance Randot stereotests. Methods: Eighteen patients (median age, 24 years; range, 5 to 68 years) with intermittent exotropia were prospectively enrolled. Stereoacuity was measured pre- and 6 weeks postoperatively using the FD2 and Frisby near tests (real depth tests) and Preschool Randot and Distance Randot tests (polaroid vectographs). Results: Distance stereoacuity measured with the FD2 improved from a median preoperative value of 80 to 40 arcsec postoperatively (p = 0.04) and stereoacuity measured with the Distance Randot improved from a median of nil to 200 arcsec (p = 0.06). In those that had subnormal stereoacuity preoperatively, there was even more marked improvement in distance stereoacuity (FD2 median nil vs 40 arcsec, p = 0.002; Distance Randot median nil vs 200 arcsec, p = 0.004). Near stereoacuity measured with Frisby and Preschool Randot remained unchanged pre- to postoperatively (median, 60 and 80 arcsec, respectively). Conclusions: There was improvement in distance stereoacuity measured with both the FD2 and the Distance Randot stereotests in patients who underwent surgery for intermittent exotropia. The FD2 and Distance Randot may be useful outcome measures in future clinical trials of interventions for intermittent exotropia.{A figure is presented}.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of AAPOS
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology


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