Improved precision in calculated T1 MR images using multiple spin-echo acquisition

Stephen J. Riederer, Stuart A. Bobman, James N. Lee, Farhad Farzaneh, Henry Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Calculated T1 images require that magnetic resonance signals be detected at several inversion or repetition times (TR). Multiple spin-echo (SE) acquisitions provide several measurements of the magnetization at each TR, the signal size diminishing according to T2 decay. In this work we review one method (Case 1) for estimating T1 from single echoes and present four new methods (Cases 2-5) in which multiple acquired echoes are used. For Case 2 a fit is performed using the first echo at each TR, repeated using second echoes, etc., and the final T1 estimate is the simple average of the individual fits at each echo time (TE). For Case 3 the optimum weighted average is performed. For Cases 4 and 5 synthetic SE images are generated at each TR prior to the T1 fit, Case 4 using a synthetic TE of zero, and Case 5 using a TE providing maximum signal-to-noise ratio in the synthetic image. The rel-ative precision in T1 provided by each method is calculated rigorously. It is proven that Cases 3 and 5 are optimum and equivalent and can theoretically reduce the noise in T1 images by as much as 40% over Case 1 with no increase in scanning time. Approximations are proposed that enable the optimum methods to be implemented in a practical fashion. Experimental images are presented that verify the relative predicted behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986


  • Image quality
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Spin echo
  • Techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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