Implementing evidence-based smoking cessation treatment in psychosocial care units (CAPS) in Brazil

João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R. da Silva, Marta R.D. Campos, Helena F. Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M. Champagne, Katherine E. Kemper, J. Taylor Hays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS – Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. Methods: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers. Our curriculum included the following topics focused on the implementation of treatment for MHA smokers: management, epidemiology, medications, psychotherapy, and smoking/mental health assessment instruments. Results: Our team trained the staff of 17 CAPS units within 10 cities – which included more than 186 health professionals. There were many barriers encountered as we provided this training. A summary of problems we faced were as follows: resistance to incorporating TDT in addiction/mental health-care units, resistance to the implementation of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) (psychodynamic therapy and harm reduction were preferred) and treatment for smoking is already implemented in primary care network; resistance to the use of medication in addiction treatment (a preference for psychotherapy and psychosocial approach). Conclusion: We learned a number of important lessons as we worked to improve the delivery of TDT to MHA patients in Brazil: provide clinicians an opportunity to explore how they feel/think about providing TDT to their clients at the very outset of the training, rather than focusing on a specific type of behavioral therapy for TDT (such as CBT), which some may find objectionable; use more generic descriptions of behavioral therapy such as ‘supportive counseling’; include training professionals who are open to other forms of behavioral therapy in addition to psychoanalysis and discuss the important impact that MHA units can have in improving the quality of life for their patients who smoke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-673
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017


  • Brazil
  • Smoking
  • psychosocial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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