Background: In patients with heart failure due to chronic ischemic heart disease improvement of diastolic function indicates improved survival and a reduced morbidity, but whether this is also the case after acute myocardial infarction is not known. Methods: To assess the prognostic importance of changes in left ventricular filling pattern, assessed with mitral deceleration time and colour M-mode flow propagation velocity, on cardiac death and readmission due to heart failure serial Doppler echocardiography was carried out in 103 patients with a first myocardial infarction. Based on echocardiography on hospital admission and after 1 month, patients were divided into three groups: group A (n=29) comprised patients with normal filling at either examination, group B (n=29) comprised patients with improvement of initially abnormal filling, and group C (n=45) patients with deterioration or no change of an abnormal filling pattern. Results: One-year survival free of cardiac death or hospitalisation for heart failure was 97% in group A, 86% in group B and 64% in group C (P<0.0001). In Cox analysis persistence of abnormal filling or deterioration of left ventricular filling was still a predictor of the combined endpoint (risk ratio 4.4, 95% CI 1.8-12.0, P=0.003) after adjustment of LV filling on admission, left ventricular systolic function and clinical variables. Serial analyses of left ventricular systolic function demonstrated a significant improvement after 1 year in ejection fraction in groups A and B, whereas ejection fraction remained unchanged in group C. Conclusion: Patients with a persistently abnormal or a deterioration of left ventricular filling pattern as opposed to improved or normal filling are at increased risk of cardiac death and readmission due to heart failure after acute myocardial infarction.
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Diastolic function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine