Impact of advance care planning consults on advance directives completion

Michelle A. Leak, Elaine R. Gustetic, Nancy P. Ford, Launia J. White, Jordan Rosedahl, Naveen Perisetla, Gabrielle Dozier, James M. Naessens, Catherine Madaffari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: Advance care planning (ACP) consults have been credited with increasing the likelihood that patients will receive desired care at the end of life, including reduced hospitalization and spending. We aimed to investigate whether implementation of ACP consults leads to improved advance directive (AD) completion rates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control evaluation. METHODS: Chart review was conducted among patients in hematology/oncology and primary care to compare AD completion rates of patients in each clinical area offered ACP consults between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2018, and those not offered ACP consults prior to July 1, 2017. RESULTS: Completed ADs increased from historic rates of 1% to 65.9% of primary care patient records. Among hematology/oncology patients offered consults, completed ADs were present in 28.1% of patient records compared with historic rates of 3%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients offered ACP consults had significantly higher AD completion rates than those without consults in both primary care and hematology/oncology practices. The difference in ACP consult attendance between the primary care and hematology/oncology groups clearly suggests that further improvements can be made to assist patients in accessing AD education and completion support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E361-E364
JournalAmerican Journal of Managed Care
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy


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