BACKGROUND. The Ets-1 transcription factor has been proposed to play an important role in the invasive process of tumor cells through the induction of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA). METHODS. Because meningiomas are potentially invasive tumors, irrespective of their malignancy grades, the authors immunohistochemically investigated Ets-1 and u-PA expression in tissues obtained from 50 benign (16 meningotheliomatous, 14 fibrous, 13 transitional, 6 angiomatous, and 1 microcystic), 4 atypical, and 6 anaplastic meningiomas and correlated their results with the malignancy and invasive potential. RESULTS. Ets-1 protein was expressed in 19 of the benign meningiomas (38%) whereas 31 (62%) were u-PA positive. The percentage of positive cells frequently was < 50%. In contrast, Ets-1 and u-PA expression was observed in all 4 atypical (100%) and all 6 anaplastic (100%) cases, respectively. The proportion of cells positive for Ets-1 and u-PA frequently were ≥ 50%. A significant difference was observed between Ets-1 and u-PA expression in benign and high grade meningiomas (P < 0.0001). Moreover, Ets-1 expression was found to correlate significantly with u-PA positivity in meningiomas (P < 0.0001). Twenty-one of 60 meningioma cases (35%) showed infiltration either to the brain, dura mater, or bone. Eighteen of these 21 cases (85.7%) were positive for Ets-1 and u-PA. Ets-1 and u-PA positivity was found to correlate well with the invasive phenotype in meningiomas (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS. The findings of the current study support the possibility that the Ets-1 transcription factor, through u-PA induction, may be involved in the invasive process in meningiomas. (C) 2000 American Cancer Society.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2000|
- Ets-1 transcription factor
- Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research