Identifying patient-important outcomes in polycystic kidney disease: An international nominal group technique study

Yeoungjee Cho, Benedicte Sautenet, Talia Gutman, Gopala Rangan, Jonathan C. Craig, Albert C. Ong, Arlene Chapman, Curie Ahn, Helen Coolican, Juliana T.W. Kao, Ron Gansevoort, Ronald D. Perrone, Tess Harris, Vicente Torres, York Pei, Peter G. Kerr, Jessica Ryan, David W. Johnson, Andrea K. Viecelli, Claire GenesteHyunsuk Kim, Yaerim Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Charlotte Logeman, Martin Howell, Angela Ju, Karine E. Manera, Allison Tong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Aim: Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are at increased risk of premature mortality, morbidities and complications, which severely impair quality of life. However, patient-centered outcomes are not consistently reported in trials in ADPKD, which can limit shared decision-making. We aimed to identify outcomes important to patients and caregivers and the reasons for their priorities. Methods: Nominal group technique was adopted involving patients with ADPKD and caregivers who were purposively selected from eight centres across Australia, France and the Republic of Korea. Participants identified, ranked and discussed outcomes for trials in ADPKD. We calculated an importance score (0–1) for each outcome and conducted thematic analyses. Results: Across 17 groups, 154 participants (121 patients, 33 caregivers) aged 19 to 78 (mean 54.5 years) identified 55 outcomes. The 10 highest ranked outcomes were: kidney function (importance score 0.36), end-stage kidney disease (0.32), survival (0.21), cyst size/growth (0.20), cyst pain/bleeding (0.18), blood pressure (0.17), ability to work (0.16), cerebral aneurysm/stroke (0.14), mobility/physical function (0.12), and fatigue (0.12). Three themes were identified: threatening semblance of normality, inability to control and making sense of diverse risks. Conclusion: For patients with ADPKD and their caregivers, kidney function, delayed progression to end-stage kidney disease and survival were the highest priorities, and were focused on achieving normality, and maintaining control over health and lifestyle. Implementing these patient-important outcomes may improve the meaning and relevance of trials to inform clinical care in ADPKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1214-1224
Number of pages11
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • cyst
  • kidney function
  • outcomes
  • patient
  • polycystic kidney disease
  • qualitative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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