The surge in endoluminal treatment of vascular disease has changed both management strategies and outcomes for patients. Renal artery intervention for both renal artery disease and associated vascular anomalies has not been isolated from the transformation in management. This change in treatment strategy has placed renal arteries at risk for iatrogenic injury during treatment. Awareness of the risks, identification of injuries when they occur, and an understanding of the varying modalities available for dealing with injuries is extremely important for the interventionist when caring for and preventing iatrogenic renal artery injuries.
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