Hydrogen-peroxide generating electrochemical bandage is active in vitro against mono- and dual-species biofilms

Yash S. Raval, Abdelrhman Mohamed, Laure Flurin, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, Kerryl E. Greenwood Quaintance, Haluk Beyenal, Robin Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Biofilms formed by antibiotic-resistant bacteria in wound beds present unique challenges in terms of treating chronic wound infections; biofilms formed by one or more than one bacterial species are often involved. In this work, the in vitro anti-biofilm activity of a novel electrochemical bandage (e-bandage) composed of carbon fabric and controlled by a wearable potentiostat, designed to continuously deliver low amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was evaluated against 34 mono-species and 12 dual-species membrane bacterial biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Enterococcus faecium, E. faecalis, Streptococcus mutans, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Cutibacterium acnes, and Bacteroides fragilis. Biofilms were grown on polycarbonate membranes placed atop agar plates. An e-bandage, which electrochemically reduces dissolved oxygen to H2O2 when polarized at −0.6 VAg/AgCl, was then placed atop each membrane biofilm and polarized continuously for 12, 24, and 48 h using a wearable potentiostat. Time-dependent decreases in viable CFU counts of all mono- and dual-species biofilms were observed after e-bandage treatment. 48 h of e-bandage treatment resulted in an average reduction of 8.17 ± 0.40 and 7.99 ± 0.32 log10 CFU/cm2 for mono- and dual-species biofilms, respectively. Results suggest that the described H2O2 producing e-bandage can reduce in vitro viable cell counts of biofilms grown either in mono- or dual-species forms, and should be further developed as a potential antibiotic-free treatment strategy for treating chronic wound infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100055
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Anti-biofilm
  • Electrochemical bandage
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Membrane biofilm
  • Wound infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Microbiology


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