How Does Cross-Sectional Imaging Impact the Management of Patients With Single Ventricle After Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Connection?

Ezequiel Sagray, Frank Cetta, Patrick W. O’Leary, M. Yasir Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There is currently no consensus regarding the use of surveillance cross-sectional imaging in pediatric patients after bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (BDCPC). We sought to determine how computed tomography with angiography (CTA) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging impacted the clinical management of pediatric patients after BDCPC. Methods: A single-center retrospective study including patients with single ventricle who had BDCPC between 2010 and 2019, and CTA/CMR studies obtained in these patients, at ≤5 years of age, and with Glenn physiology. Repeat studies on the same patient were included if the clinical situation had changed. The impact of CTA/CMR studies was categorized as major, minor, or none. Results: Twenty-four patients (63% male) and 30 imaging studies (22 CTAs) were included. 60% were obtained in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS); most common indication was Follow-up after an intervention (23%). 6 CMRs were performed on stable HLHS patients as part of a research protocol, with no clinical concerns. The overall impact of CTA/CMR studies was major in 13 cases (43.3%). CTA/CMR studies performed ≥1 year of age (62.5% vs 21.4%, P =.02) and in non-HLHS patients (66.7% vs 27.8%, P =.035) were associated with major impact. Also, 2/6 Research studies were associated with a major impact. Conclusions: CTA/CMR imaging in pediatric patients with SV after BDCPC was associated with significant clinical impact in over 40% of cases, with a higher impact if obtained in patients ≥1 year of age and in non-HLHS patients. We cannot disregard the possibility of CMR as a surveillance imaging modality in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • CHD
  • computed tomography
  • congenital heart disease
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • univentricular heart

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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