Hormonal Effects on Asthma, Rhinitis, and Eczema

Natalia Weare-Regales, Sergio E. Chiarella, Juan Carlos Cardet, Y. S. Prakash, Richard F. Lockey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hormones significantly influence the pathogenesis of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema. This review aims to summarize relevant clinical considerations for practicing allergists and immunologists. The first section reviews the effects of sex hormones: estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. The second concerns insulin production in the context of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The third concludes with a discussion of thyroid and adrenal pathology in relationship to asthma, rhinitis, and eczema.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2066-2073
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022


  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Allergic
  • Androgens
  • Asthma
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Eczema
  • Estrogen
  • Hypercortisolism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Neuroendocrine
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy


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