Hemodynamic determinants of perivascular collateral development in swine renal artery stenosis

James D. Krier, John A. Crane, Alfonso Eirin, Xiang Yang Zhu, Amir Lerman, Lilach O. Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background Renal artery stenosis (RAS) resulting in reduced renal blood flow (RBF) is a common cause of secondary hypertension and deterioration of renal function, which may lead to end-stage renal disease. Recruitment and formation of periarterial collateral vessels may serve to bypass RAS and restore distal blood supply. We hypothesized that development of collaterals around RAS may preserve kidney function. Methods Collateral formation index (CI) was assessed using multidetector computed tomography as fractional vascular volume surrounding the stenosis in 31 pigs with unilateral RAS. Single kidney RBF and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were also measured. Results Of 25 pigs that developed significant stenosis (≥65%), 8 demonstrated minor collateral development (CI < 0.3), and 17 showed major collateral development (CI ≥ 0.3). The degree of RAS was significantly higher in pigs with major collaterals compared with pigs with minor collaterals, and poststenotic kidney cortical volume, perfusion, RBF, and GFR were significantly lower. In a subset of pigs matched for the degree of RAS, RBF and GFR remained lower in pigs with major collaterals. Conclusions We conclude that collaterals develop in animals with significant RAS in proportion to its severity and might be triggered by distal injury, such as decreases in cortical volume and perfusion. However, development of collaterals was unable to confer measurable benefits for stenotic kidney function distal to severe RAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • blood pressure
  • collateral circulation
  • computed tomography
  • hypertension
  • renal artery stenosis
  • renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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