Health Care Professionals' Perspectives on Teleneonatology Through the Lens of Normalization Process Theory

Gladys B. Asiedu, Jennifer L. Fang, Ann M. Harris, Christopher E. Colby, Katherine Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and aims: Little research has been done on tele-intensive care unit (ICU) implementation across different types of ICUs, and there exist few studies that have used qualitative research methods to analyze the human and organizational factors influencing optimization of telemedicine for newborn resuscitation. The objective of this study was to understand health care professionals' acceptance, utilization, and integration of video telemedicine for newborn resuscitation (termed teleneonatology) in community hospital settings. Methods: Focus group and individual interviews were conducted with 49 health care professionals at six affiliated health system hospitals. Data were gathered from physicians (n = 18), nurses (n = 30), and a nurse practitioner. Data were inductively analyzed using a thematic approach, and then constructs from normalization process theory (NPT) were deductively applied. NPT rendered a general framework to describe and assess how care teams perceive the implementation of teleneonatology and how they interact with this telemedicine service in their local setting. Results: Local health care professionals accepted teleneonatology as an important, helpful service, yet its implementation was perceived as both valuable and a threat to professional traditions. Utilization may depend on perceived benefit, mutual understanding of the guidelines, and expectations of use, and other relational, human, contextual, and system factors. Participants in this study agreed on the need for collective work to successfully integrate teleneonatology into the local practice. Discussions: NPT uncovered that successful implementation of a teleneonatology program may be facilitated by strong interpersonal relationships among care teams, continuous programmatic training and education, and communicating the clinical value of teleneonatology, including its opportunities and benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere111
JournalHealth Science Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • newborn resuscitation
  • normalization process theory
  • qualitative research
  • teleneonatology
  • video telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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