Genetic and immunohistochemical profiling of NK/T-cell lymphomas reveals prognostically relevant BCOR-MYC association

Naoki Oishi, Akira Satou, Masashi Miyaoka, Ichiro Kawashima, Takahiro Segawa, Kunio Miyake, Kunio Mochizuki, Keita Kirito, Andrew L. Feldman, Naoya Nakamura, Tetsuo Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is an Epstein-Barr virus-positive, aggressive lymphoma with a heterogeneous cell of origin and variable clinical course. Several clinical prognostic indices have been proposed for ENKTL; however, there are few pathological biomarkers. This multi-institutional study sought to identify histologically assessable prognostic factors. We investigated mutation profiles by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) and immunohistochemical assessments of expression of MYC, Tyr705-phosphorylated (p-)STAT3, and CD30 in 71 ENKTL samples. The median age of the patients was 66 years (range, 6-100). The most frequent mutations were in STAT3 (27%), JAK3 (4%), KMT2D (19%), TP53 (13%), BCOR (10%), and DDX3X (7%). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) revealed that ENKTLs with STAT3 mutations exhibited higher expression of pSTAT3 and CD30. BCOR mutations were associated with increased MYC expression. Univariate analysis in the entire cohort showed that stage (II, III, or IV), BCOR mutations, TP53 mutations, and high MYC expression (defined as ≥40% positive neoplastic cells) were associated with reduced overall survival (OS). Multivariate modeling identified stage (II, III, or IV) and high MYC expression as independent adverse prognostic factors. In a subgroup analysis of patients treated with anthracycline (AC)-free chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (RT) with curative intent, BCOR but not high MYC expression was an independent adverse prognostic factor. In conclusion, activating STAT3 mutations are common in ENKTLs and are associated with increased CD30 expression. MYC overexpression is, at least in part, associated with deleterious BCOR mutations, and this BCOR–MYC linkage may have prognostic significance, underscoring the potential utility of IHC for MYC in risk stratification of patients with ENKTL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-189
Number of pages12
JournalBlood Advances
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 10 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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