Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In health, the gallbladder concentrates bile tenfold for efficient storage during fasting. Intraduodenal protein and fat release cholecystokinin, which stimulates contraction of the gallbladder, relaxation of the sphincter of Oddi, and flow of bile to the intestine. More than 90% of bile acids are actively absorbed in the terminal ileum. This enterohepatic circulation cycles 4 to 12 times per day, slowing during fasting and accelerating greatly after meals (Fig. 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMayo Clinic Gastroenterology and Hepatology Board Review, Third Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781420092240
ISBN (Print)9781420092233
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Gallstones'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this