Front-line treatment patterns in multiple myeloma: An analysis of U.S.-based electronic health records from 2011 to 2019

Shaji Kumar, Mellissa Williamson, Uzor Ogbu, Andy Surinach, Stella Arndorfer, Wan Jen Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiple myeloma (MM) treatment options have evolved rapidly, but how new agents are incorporated into treatment decisions in current practice is not well understood. This study examined prescribing trends of physicians treating newly diagnosed MM and treatment outcomes in the United States. Electronic health record data from 6271 adult patients diagnosed with MM and receiving initial treatment between 1 January 2011 and 31 January 2020 were derived from the Flatiron Health electronic-health record de-identified database. The number/types of agents included in therapy regimens, time to next treatment (TTNT), and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Subgroups were analyzed by the International Staging System (ISS) disease stage at diagnosis, stem cell transplant eligibility and timing, and practice type. Exploratory prognostic models evaluated the association between baseline covariates and time-to-event outcomes. The proportion of patients receiving triplet therapies increased from 2011 (36%) to 2019 (72%) as those receiving initial monotherapy or doublet therapy decreased. Overall, the most prevalent triplet regimen consisted of an immunomodulatory drug (IMiD), a proteasome inhibitor, and a steroid. From 2017 to 2019, median TTNT from front-line to second-line was longer in patients with ISS stage I versus stages II/III, and in those receiving IMiD-containing doublet or triplet therapies versus other combinations. Overall median OS was 56 months and increased from 2011 to 2014, after which median OS was not yet reached. Age, ISS stage, and high-risk status were prognostic for both OS and TTNT, while sex, practice type, and ECOG status were prognostic for OS only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5866-5877
Number of pages12
JournalCancer medicine
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • multiple myeloma
  • prescribing trends
  • treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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