Focal cortical distribution of blood flow and brain pH(i) determined by in vivo fluorescent imaging

R. E. Anderson, F. B. Meyer, F. H. Tomlinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


A technique was developed for panoramic imaging of intracellular focal brain pH (pH(i)) and focal cortical blood flow to measure the pattern of changes in these parameters during arterial PCO2 (Pa(CO2)) and arterial PO2 (Pa(O2)) alterations. Eleven overnight-fasted New Zealand White rabbits were operated and studied under 2.0 and 1.0% halothane anesthesia, respectively. The exposed cortex was imaged by a 512 x 512 pixel image intensifier system with a resolution of 10 μm2/pixel. Focal brain pH(i) and focal cortical blood flow were measured by umbelliferone fluorescence. The mean focal cortical blood flow was 49 ± 4.5 ml · 100 g-1 · min-1, and focal brain pH(i) was 7.05 ± 0.02 during normocapnia. At a stable Pa(CO2), focal cortical blood flow and focal brain pH(i) within 10 μm of surface- conducting vessels were 2-50% greater and 0.02 pH units lower than that observed in the border-zone regions between vessels. Focal cortical blood flow demonstrated a significant heterogeneity of 51% among various cortical regions, despite a stable Pa(CO2). Alternatively, focal brain pH(i) was homogeneous, varying no more than 0.05 pH units. These results demonstrate the dependence of focal cortical blood flow on topical locations from surface conducting vessels and the tight regulation of brain pH(i).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H565-H575
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2 32-2
StatePublished - 1992


  • cortical blood flow
  • intracellular brain pH
  • umbelliferone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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